Assam Elections

How Bodoland Is The Key In Assam Elections- (Part2)

How Bodoland Is The Key In Assam Elections- (Part2)

In 2006 and 2011 elections, Bodoland People’s Front in alliance with Congress in the Bodoland Territorial Council contested for 16 assembly seats. In the Bodoland Territorial Council area Bodoland People’s Front said that no seats will be shared with Bhartiya Janta Party. Outside the Bodoland Territorial Council only seat sharing will be applicable.

In speech of Mr. Modi ‘Financial package’ main demand of Mohiliary was not announced, stress was laid on development of Bodoland Territorial Area Districts.

“Development, Development and Development” a three-point programme for the development of the backward Bodoland Territorial Area Districts was said by Mr.Modi.

Status of ST will be granted is announced by Mr.Modi to the ‘Karbis’ who are Living in the plains and ‘Bodo Kacharis’ who are living in ‘Karbi Anglong’and districts of ‘Dima Hasao’ has led to displeasure among the Koch Rajbongshis and non-Bodos who are living in these districts.

Bodos want a separate state even though of Assam’s total population Bodo’s account only 30 percent. In lower part of Assam and northern part of Bengal Koch Rajbongshis are spread and for decades, they have been seeking the status of Scheduled Caste, the demand is yet to be accepted. Nepalis, Santhals, Muslims, Adivasis, and Bengalis in these districts are the major communities.

Bodoland People’s Front image has been ‘dented’ by the attacks on Muslims and Adivasis. In the 2010 election,last year in Bodoland Territorial Council election polls ‘the BPF won 20 seats out of 40 – 13 less than its tally of 33’.

4 seats were won by All India United Democratic Front and Bhartiya Janta Party had opened its account. A single seat was not won by Congress, ‘down from the three it bagged in the 2010 polls.

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With the Congress, All India United Democratic Front had collaborated in the last election.

“The Congress, trashing the possibility of a Bihar-like Mahagatbandhan, has declared that it wants to go it alone, as it could not concede to the AIUDF’s demand on seat-sharing.”

Bodoland People’s Front was charmed by Bhartiya Janta Party but with Asom Gana Parishad they are “in talks”.The vacant political space by Asom Gana Parishad has taken by Bhartiya Janta Party. In 2014, the young voters of urban area who once voted for Asom Gana Parishad voted for Bhartiya Janta Party.

45 percent among the voters of urban area voted for Bhartiya Janta Party and 18 per cent among the voters of urban area voted for Congress.

With 7 seats and 36 percent of share of vote Bhartiya Janta Party won; With 3 seats,Congress had 29.5 per cent of share of vote ; With 3 seats All India United Democratic Front had 14.8 per cent share of vote during Lok Sabha election in 2014. By an independent candidate the seat was won by Kokrajhar. 3.7 per cent of the vote share won only by Asom Gana Parishad and ‘and more importantly, ‘no seat – marginally higher than the 2.1 per cent vote share of the BPF.’

Polls of Lok Sabha elections in 2014, Bhartiya Janta Party had won all the seats in the part of the state which supports the evidence that it has good base of support in upper part of Assam. Against the 78 votes ‘bagged’ up by the Congress in the Assembly elections of 2011 Bhartiya Janta Party won 7 seats and Asom Gana Parishad won 18.

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In the absence of options some communities voted for Congress, Bhartiya Janta Party is trying very hard in order to get the support of these voters. Koch Rajbongshi, Tai Ahom, Moran, Motok and Tea tribes will be included as the party has already supported the proposal. Presently these tribes fall under OBC.

Bhartiya Janta Party,has also the advantage of contesting against ‘a divided Opposition’. For 15 years,Congress faced ‘anti-incumbency’. As per by the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies between the Assembly polls of 2011 and the elections of Lok Sabha 2014 ,the share of vote got declined by 10 per cent.


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