Assam has an area of 78,523 square kilometers (30,318 square miles).Assam can be divided into three major regions. In the north it has Brahmputra River Valley, In the south it has Barak Plain and the two regions are divided by the Mikir and Cachar Hills.
Assam’s major feature is Brahmaputra Valley. It enters Assam at the extreme northeast corner and runs westward (nearly 450 miles) before turning south to enter the plains of Bangladesh. Valley consists of hills and ridges and is surrounded on all sides except the West by mountains. Assam lies beneath the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas and is surrounded on the north by Bhutan and to the east by Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and Manipur, to the south by Mizoram and Meghalaya and to the west by Bangladesh and Tripura. A circle of blue hills surrounds Assam and it has the two valleys, the Brahmaputra and Barak Valley.
In ancient times Assam was known as Kamrupa, where the Hindu God of love Kama Deva was reborn. Guwahati the state capital was also the capital of Kamrup.
Climate of Assam
Assam do not have very hot season. The temperature of Assam is moderate, about 84 degrees F in the hottest month of August. The average temperature in January is 61 degrees F. In this season there is heavy fog and bristles. In the month of March, there can be rainfalls too. In Assam, Rainfall is the highest. Annual rainfall varies from 70 inches in the west and 120 inches per year in the east. Sometimes heavy rainfall cause floods. Around 20 percent of Assam’s total area is covered with forest. Deers, elephants, Royal Bengal tigers and wild pigs can be found in the forests. The important forest products are lac, timber, bamboo and firewood.