Current Loksabha Speaker:
Sumitra Mahajan (born 11 April 1943) an Indian politician, has been Speaker of the Lok Sabha since 2014. She comes from Bharatiya Janata Party. In 2014, she won election to the Lok Sabha for the eighth time, one of three members of the 16th Lok Sabha to do so,and is currently the longest-serving woman member. She has represented the Indore constituency of Madhya Pradesh since 1989.
Loksabha is an integral constituent of Indian parliament. Also called Lower House of the parliament, Loksabha houses representative of the people chosen by direct election conducted by Election Commission Of India. As per the constitution of India, the maximum strength of the House shouldn’t exceed 552. From its total strength, up to 530 members represent the States, up to 20 members represent the Union Territories and not more than two members of the Anglo-Indian Community are nominated by the President. Following is the number of members divided among the 28 States and the 7 Union Territories as follows:
|Full Name||Sumitra Mahajan|
|DOB||Apr 12, 1943|
|Place of Birth||Chiplun, Maharashtra|
|Political Party||Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)|
|Profession before joining politics||Advocate|
|Spouse Name||Late Shri Jayant Mahajan|
Presiding officer of Loksabha is popularly known as Speaker, and is elected by its own members as its Presiding Officer and he is called the Speaker. In his absence, a deputy speaker, again elected by the members of the Lok Sabha conduct the business there.
Procedure in the House:
Speaker of the Loksabha is the premier authority responsible for regulating the procedures in Lok Sabha. He gives directions to the members and set the the rules of procedure and conduct business in Lok Sabha. Ministers / private members submit the items of business to be transacted to the speaker. When accepted and admitted, those items are included in the daily List of Business which is circulated to members in printed form in advance. The time to be consumed on various items of business is allotted by House on the recommendations of the Business Advisory Committee.
Time Of Sittings:
When session is in progress, Loksabha holds its business from 11 A.M. to 1 P.M. and from 2 P.M. to 6 P.M. In some situations, sittings are continuously held without observing lunch break and are also extended beyond 6 P.M. Lok Sabha observes no work on Saturdays and Sundays and other closed holidays.
Commencement of a Sittings:
At least 55 members including the Speaker of the house should should be present in he house in order to begin the Quorum. Once Speaker reaches his seat, business of the house starts. Before commencement of any business, the house holds an oath ceremony for the newly elected members or offer obituary references in case of death of a sitting or an ex-member or a leading personality.
Question Hour is referred as first hour of every sitting of Lok Sabha. During the Question hour members may ask questions on different aspects of administration and Government policy. Every Minister whose turn it is to answer to questions has to stand up and answer for his Ministry’s acts of omission or commission.
During the Question Hour, three types of questions are raised – Starred, Unstarred and Short Notice. If the questions given notice of are admitted by the Speaker, they are listed and printed for answer on the dates allotted to the Ministries. A Short Notice Question is taken up for answer immediately after the Question Hour and may only be answered if so permitted by the Speaker and the Minister concerned.
After the question hour, the House takes up miscellaneous items of work including Adjournment Motions, Questions involving breaches of Privileges, Papers to be laid on the Table, Communication of any messages from Rajya Sabha, Intimations regarding President’s assent to Bills, Calling Attention Notices, Matters under Rule 377, Presentation of Reports of Parliamentary Committee, Presentation of Petitions, – miscellaneous statements by Ministers, Motions regarding elections to Committees, Bills to be withdrawn or introduced.
Debate in The House :
The order of the business to debated in the House is decided by the Speaker. He calls upon the members who seek to initiate discussions on an item of business listed by him. Only one member can speak at a time and all speeches are directed to the Chair. A matter requiring the decision of the House is decided by means of a question put by the Speaker on a motion made by a member.
Statewise Distribution Of Loksabha Seats:
|Subdivision||Type||No. of constituencies|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Union Territory||1|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli||Union Territory||1|
|Daman and Diu||Union Territory||1|
|National Capital Territory of Delhi||Union Territory||7|
|Jammu and Kashmir||State||6|