Current Prime Minister of India
Narendra Damodardas Modi (born on born 17 September 1950) is the current and 15th Prime Minister of India .He joined Prime Minister office on 26th May 2014. Narendra Modi was Chief Minister of Gujarat from the period of 2001- 2014 , a leader of Bharatiya Janata Party and also Member of Parliament from Varanasi.
In general election of 2014, he had led Bhartiya Janta Party that gave a majority to BJP in Lok Sabha and in India, first for any political party since 1984. Narendra Modi’s policies on economy were always praised however he always critcised for failing to improve the human development in the state and prevent the riots in Gujarat in the year 2002.
On social media, he is the 2nd most followed politician after the USA President Barack Obama.
About Prime Minister of India
The Prime Minister of India is the head of the executive branch of the Government of India. His position is different that of President of India, who is the head of the State. Prime Minister exercise the the executive powers, the Westminster system is followed by the Indian parliamentary system. He acts as an advisor to the President and is the leader of the Council of Ministers. The Council of Ministers, are appointed by the President on the advice of Prime Minister of India. He can be a member of either Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha.
Roles and Responsibilities of Prime Minister
Prime Minister serves as a channel between the President and the Council of Ministers and is the leader of the Council of Ministers. Prime Minister’s duty is to provide information regarding administration of the Union or proposals for the legislature as called by the President and to communicate all the decisions between President and Council of Ministers.
Allocation of Portfolio
Among the ministers, Prime minister of India allocates various portfolios and distributes among the work among the various offices and ministries. He coordinates work among various departments and ministries via the Cabinet Secretariat.
In-Charge of Ministries
Prime Minister also retains certain portfolios that are not allocated to other ministers. He is generally in charge of the following ministries/departments:
- Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
- Ministry of Planning
- Department of Atomic Energy
- Department of Space
- Appointments Committee of the Cabinet
Leader of the Cabinet
- Cabinet meetings are summoned and presided by the Prime Minister and in these meetings, determines what business shall be executed.
- Between the cabinet and the Parliament,the Prime Minister act as the link. In the Parliament, Prime Minister is the chief spokesperson of the government and also in the Lok Sabha, the leader of the party in majority.
- India is represented by the Prime Minister in various delegations, high-level meetings and inter
national organizations and also on various occasions of national importance, he can address the nation.
Powers/Authorities of Prime Minister
Authorities and Powers enjoyed by the Indian Prime Minister
Head of the Government
Indian Prime Minister is the head of the government. Prime Minister takes most of the executive decisions even though President is the head of the State. In India, important decision-making bodies like Planning Commission, Union Cabinet runs under supervision.
Leader of the Council of Ministers
Prime Minister position is “First among Equals” to the Council of Ministers. The entire Council of Ministers has to resign in case if the Prime Minister resigns or is dead. The Council of Ministers directly report to the Prime Minister. A minister can be removed by asking his resignation or having him dismissed by the President. Prime Minister opinion will prevail when difference of opinion arises between the Prime Minister and any other minister.
Leader of the Parliament
Indian Prime Minister is the Leader of the House to which he belongs. In the house ,he can take part in the House of which he is not a member. In order to dissolve the Lok Sabha, He can also advise the President.
Representative of the Country
In India, he is the spokesperson for International affairs. In directing India’s foreign policy, Prime Minister plays a major role.
Facilities offered to Prime Minister
Some of the amenities provided to the Indian Prime Minister are:
- Official residence: 7, Race Course Road or “Panchavati”
- Personal staff Special Protection Group (SPG) who is responsible for his security
- Prime Ministerial car (currently BMW 750i)
- Exclusive aircraft (Air India One)
Selection Process of Prime Minister
The President of India selects Prime Minister of India, appoint the leader of the party or alliance which is in majority in the Lok Sabha. The President appoints the leader of the largest party or alliance as the Prime Minister. In the Lower House of the Parliament, he has to win the confidence vote.As the Prime Minister, any member from Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha can be appointed. Within 6 months of his appointment, If he is not a member of either House of the Parliament then he has to be elected to either House.Prime Minister, is the Leader of the House, he is member of the House.
Term and Retirement Age of Prime Minister
Prime Minister does not have a fixed tenure unlike the President. The full term of the Prime Minister is five years, which coincides with the normal life of the Lok Sabha. In the Lower House if he loses the vote of confidence his term can end sooner.As he enjoys the confidence of the Lok Sabha, he remains in power.By writing to the President, Prime Minister can resign.
There is also no official retirement age and no term limits on the office of the Prime Minister.
Eligibility Criteria to become Prime Minister of India
To be eligible for the position of the Prime Minister of India, a person should:
- Be a citizen of India.
- Be a member of either the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha.
- Complete 25 years of age if he is a member of the Lok Sabha or 30 years if he is a member of the Rajya Sabha.
Under the Government of India,A person cannot be the Prime Minister of India if he holds any office of profit. Thegovernment of any state, or any local or other authority subject to the control of any of the said governments.
Salary of Prime Minister of India
The salary of the Prime Minister is decided by the Parliament and revised from time to time as per Article 75 of the Constitution of India.
The monthly pay and allowances of the Prime Minister of India was Rs. 1,60,000 (US $2,600) as per 31 July 2012.
Former Prime Ministers of India are provided with:
- Rent-free accommodation for lifetime.
- Medical facilities, 14 secretarial staff, office expenses against actual expenditure, six domestic executive-class flight tickets, and unlimited.
- free train travels for first five years.SPG cover for one year.
After five years: One personal assistant and peon, free air and train tickets and Rs. 6,000 for office expenses.
Where does the Prime Minister Live?
7, Race Course Road is the offical residence of Indian Prime Minister. This is his main workplace. “Panchavati” is the official name of the residence and was built in the 1980s.Over an area of 12 acres , the entire complex spreads over an area of 12 acres and comprises five bungalows. When a person is appointed as the new Prime Minister, his predecessor vacates the residence and the incumbent is advised to move to his official residence at the earliest.
List of Prime Ministers of India
|Name||Took office||Left office||Party|
|Shri. Narendra Modi||May 26, 2014||Incumbent||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Dr. Manmohan Singh||May 22, 2004||May 26, 2014||Indian National Congress|
|Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee||Mar 19, 1998||May 22, 2004||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Shri Inder Kumar Gujral||Apr 21, 1997||Mar 19, 1998||Janata Dal|
|Shri H. D. Deve Gowda||Jun 1, 1996||Apr 21, 1997||Janata Dal|
|Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee||May 16, 1996||Jun 1, 1996||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Shri P. V. Narasimha Rao||Jun 21, 1991||May 16, 1996||Congress (I)|
|Shri Chandra Shekhar||Nov 10, 1990||Jun 21, 1991||Janata Dal (S)|
|Shri Vishwanath Pratap Singh||Dec 2, 1989||Nov 10, 1990||Janata Dal|
|Shri Rajiv Gandhi||Oct 31, 1984||Dec 2, 1989||Congress (I)|
|Smt. Indira Gandhi||Jan 14, 1980||Oct 31, 1984||Congress (I)|
|Shri Charan Singh||Jul 28, 1979||Jan 14, 1980||Janata Party|
|Shri Morarji Desai||Mar 24, 1977||Jul 28, 1979||Janata Party|
|Smt. Indira Gandhi||Jan 24, 1966||Mar 24, 1977||Congress|
|Shri Gulzari Lal Nanda||Jan 11, 1966||Jan 24, 1966||Congress|
|Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri||Jun 9, 1964||Jan 11, 1966||Congress|
|Shri Gulzari Lal Nanda||May 27, 1964||Jun 9, 1964||Congress|
|Shri Jawaharlal Nehru||Aug 15, 1947||May 27, 1964||Congress|