Personal background of Jayalalithaa
Jayalalithaa was born on 24 February 1948 in Mysore in a place called Melukote. She comes from Tamil Iyengar family. Jayaram, her father who was a lawyer by profession passed away when she was only 2 years old. Along with her mother and brother Jayakumar had to shift Banglore.
Jayalalithaa’s professional background before entering politics
- At the instructions of her mother, Jayalalithaa started working in films at the age of 15 while she was still in school.
- Epistle was her first film, which was released in the English language in 1961.
- Chinnada Gombe as the lead actress, under the direction B.R. Panthulu, she made her debut in a Kannada film in 1964.
- Vennira Aadai, she made her debut in Tamil film in 1965 , which was directed by C.V. Sridhar. She was the first heroine in Tamil films in the mid-1960s to appear in short-sleeved dresses, skirts, gowns and woollen suits.
- Manushulu Mamathalu, in 1966, she made her debut in the Telugu film.
- In 1972, Pattikada Pattanama, Jayalalitha acted opposite Shivaji Ganesan in a film, which won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil.
- For Pattikada Pattanama, Suryakanthi and Sri Krishna Satya, she received three Filmfare Awards for Best Actress for her performance in the films in 1972.
- In the category of Best Foreign Language Film, the first Tamil film that India submitted for an Academy Award was Deiva Magan. It featured her and Sivaji Ganesan.
- The 1960s and 1970s saw a number of successful films pairing her and M.R. Ramachandran.
- Izzat, one of her notable Hindi films, saw her pairing up with Dharmendra.
Jayalalithaa’s journey in Indian politics
- In 1982, Jayalalitha became a Member of the AIADMK, founded by M.G. Ramachandran, which marked her entry in politics.
- In 1984, Jayalalithaa was elected for the first time as a member of the Rajya Sabha and was there till 1989.
- In 1989, from the constituency of Bodinayakkanu Jayalalithaa was elected as a member of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly.
- Jayalalithaa was the first lady to become the Leader of the Opposition in the Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu.
- In the 1989 General Elections to the Lok Sabha in Puducherry and Tamil Nadu, Jayalalithaa directed the Congress (I) and AIADMK alliance to a historic victory.
- In 1991, in the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly elections, a great victory was ensured when out of of 234 seats when the party and its alliance won 225 seats. Kangeyam and Bargur, and won both the seats, when she contested from 2 constituencies.
- On 24 June 1991, she became the youngest-ever and the second female Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. She held the position till 12 May 1996.
- On 14 May 2001, Jayalalithaa became the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for the second time and held the post till 21 September 2001.
- In February 2002, she was elected from the constituency of Andipatti.
- She remained the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from 2 March 2002 to 12 May 2006.
Awards and Honors won by Jayalalithaa
- Government of TamilNadu in 1972, honored her with Kalaimamani Award.
- In 1991, University of Madras conferred her with Aadegree of Doctor of Literature (D.Litt.)
- In 1992, Dr. M.G.R. Medical University conferred her with a degree of Doctor of Science.
- In 1993, Madurai Kamaraj University, conferred her a degree of Doctor of Letters.
- In 2003, TamilNadu Agricultural University conferred her with a degree of Doctor of Science.
- In 2003, Bharathidasan University conferred her with a degree of Doctor of Letters.
- In 2004, She was invited by the House of Lords, London in order to receive the “Woman Politician of the Decade” Award for the Asian Guild Awards.
- In 2004, by the International Human Rights Defense Committee conferred her with Golden Star of Honor and Dignity Award, recognizing her services in protecting the weaker section of society and in the field of gender equality in Tamil Nadu and India.
- New Jersey General Assembly, in 2011 passed a resolution in order to appreciate her exemplary excellence and dedication as a leader and in service to the people of Tamil Nadu.