Communist Party of India (Marxist)

About Communist Party of India (Marxist)


The Communist Party of India (Marxist), known popularly as the CPIM or the CPM, is one of the significant parties in India. The left-wing political party has a ideology of Communist Party. By the writings of Marx and Lenin, the ideology is deeply influenced and the ideas of social equality , social justice, and a stateless and classless society. It claims to be a political party of the working classes of India, fighting for the issues of workers, peasants, farmers, agriculturists and others.

CPIM aims to achieve a society which is ruled by ‘Dictatorship of the proletariat’. In 1964, CPIM was formed when a fraction of the members of Communist Party of India (CPI) moved away from the party. The split of CPIM from CPI was believed to have increasingly become sectarian and revisionist in approach. Many of the comrades of CPI with leftist ideology opinionated that the CPI was wrongly supporting the issues and policies of the Indian National Congress.

In Kolkata, from October- November 1964 in order to draft the Constitution for the working of a party, the 7th Congress of the members of the Communist Party of India took place. This is said to be called historic “Calcutta Congress” here the CPIM was formed.

Initially referred by various names however it adopted as the Kerala Legislative Assembly elections in 1965,

Election Symbol and its Significance

Hammer and a Sickle is the Election Symbol of the CPIM, which is approved by the Election Commission of India. There is a red color flag and the color depicts the struggle symbolizing any communist party. Since the ideologies of the CPI and CPIM are not very different from each other therefore the symbol of CPIM is not very different from CPI.

The symbol shows that CPIM is a party of the peasants , laborers , and farmers who work in the farm and earn a living for them.

National Executives of the CPIM

The leaders of the CPIM, who are also their national representatives and executives are :

Prakash Karat, present General Secretary of CPIM : In 1992, Prakash Karat, became a member of the Politburo. He was one of the founders one of the most significant student wing of the CPIM known as Student Federation of India (SFI).
Sitaram Yechury, Leader in Rajya Sabha, representing CPIM : Sitaram Yechury, is a leader who represents CPIM and in 1992, he became member of Politburo. In 2005, from West Bengal , was elected as a Member of Parliament.
Basudev Acharia, Leader in 15thLok Sabha, representing CPIM : Basudev Acharia an All India Vice President of the CITU and workers’ union of the CPIM.He also belong to various number of labour unions in the country.
Manik Sarkar, Chief Minister of Tripura : At a very early age, Manik Sarkar became a Politburo member. He was one of most honest and successful Chief Minister of India.

Contact Details :

Official Website of CPIM
Address of CPIM-Central Committee,A.K. Gopalan Bhawan, 27-29, Bhai Vir Singh Marg, New Delhi 110 001
Contact Numbers-PHONE:(91-11) 23344918, 23363692, 23747435/36 FAX :(91-11) 23747483

Secretary-General Sitaram Yechury
Lok Sabha leader P. Karunakaran
Rajya Sabha leader Sitaram Yechury
Founded 7 November 1964
Headquarters Gole Market, New Delhi, India
Newspaper People’s Democracy Ganashakti
Student wing Students’ Federation of India
Youth wing Democratic Youth Federation of India
Women’s wing All India Democratic Women’s Association
Labour wing Centre of Indian Trade Unions
Peasant’s wing All India Kisan Sabha (Ashoka Road)
Membership 1,065,406 (2013)
Ideology Communism, Marxism–Leninism
Political position Left-wing
Colours Red
Alliance Left Front
ECI Status National Party
Seats in Lok Sabha 9 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha 8 / 245
Seats in the Legislative Assembly 49 / 60
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