Punjab is culturally rich state , located in the area close to the junction of 5 rivers Jhelum, Ravi, Sutlej, Beas and Chenab. Punjab’s unique culture, festivities and spirit of people of make it famous in not only India but the world. Punjabis are known for their will power and free-spirited nature. The culture of Punjab shows a rich history of well-developed ancient civilizations.
In Punjab, there are a number of folk dances, each dance with it’s own colorful history and unique style. These dances are performed on occasions like harvest, festivals and marriage ceremonies. Dances with both non-religious and religious backgrounds are popular and range from the “Giddha” and “Sammi” reserved for the girls or the high-voltage “Bhangra” performed by the men.
Bhangra is a folk dance originates from Punjab . Bhangra was performed by the farmers of Punjab to welcome the harvest season. Bhangra had went through incredible evolution and in the West it is very popular. Bhangra dance competitions have lot of fan following in USA and England. Bhangra is popluar in Pop albums, Bollywood, College shows and Competitions.
Bhangra is the most popular form of Punjabi music and also has made its way into the music industry as well. In Western countries , Bhangra is being fused with other music styles.
On occasions like marriages, Giddha, Luddi, Dhamal and Bhangra are the typical Punjabi music styles that are sung and played. Romantic songs like Boliyan, Mayhiah and Dhola are also sung. Traditional musical instruments used with Punjabi music are Dhol, Dholki, Toombi, Dhaphli, Chimta, Manjira and Kaanto.
Traditional Dresses of Punjab
For Sikhs Muslims and Hindus, Turban has remained an integral part of the Punjabi attire. With time , the turban culture associated has also evolved with time and though Hindus and Muslims have given it up. Sikhs are very proud of their traditional turban. The turban is held in by the Sikh men who are forbidden to cut their hair. Punjabi men’s traditional dress is a sarong called ‘tehmat’ or a baggy ‘Pyjama’ coupled with a straight-cut ‘Kurta’. The Punjabi shoes called ‘jootis’. Muktsar and Patiala are famous for their exceptional ‘jootis’. The rural Punjabi men often wear vibrant sweaters which are knitted by the women of the house.
Punjabi women wear a ‘Salwar Kameez’. The ‘Salwar’ is the bottom wear while the ‘kurta’ is a fitted or loose long shirt-like garment. The ensemble is completed with a ‘duppatta’ which is a rectangular scarf. The ‘Phulkari’ work is very popular in all parts of India. The Punjabi women are skilled in this type of dense embroidery done with colorful silk thread on coarse cotton or ‘Khaddar’ fabric.
Punjabi Wedding Traditions
Punjabi Weddings are celebrated with great pomp . The traditions and rituals of a marriage bear a stamp of the Punjabi culture.
In Sikh marriage, the couple bows before the Guru Granth Sahib at the Gurudwara. Traditional rituals are performed and Hymns from the Holy book are read, after which the 1st Lanv is recited by the priest. Along with the recitation of the 4 Lanv, the bride and groom walk around the Guru Granth Sahib in clockwise direction.
Punjabi dishes are of huge variety and has made their mark in restaurants and food chains in all parts of the world. The “sarson ka saag” and “makke ki roti” is the staple of Punjabi diet and is very popular. Chole Bhature, Samosa, Butter Chicken, Naan and Mutter Paneer are some of the popular dishes of Punjabi cuisine. Lassi is the refreshing yoghurt drink and loved by people.
Punjabi Poetry is well known for its deep meaning . It influences the reader with the views of the Punjabi mindset. The famous Punjabi literary works have been translated in many languages around the world. The Shahmukhi and Gurumukhi scripts were commonly used in all Punjabi works.