After Maharasthra and Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) is the third largest economy in India.
In 2004, Uttar Pradesh’s gross state domestic product is $339.5 billion by PPP and $80.9 billion by nominal and in 2013-14 it was 130 billion dollars by nominal which is second highest in India.
According to 2011 census report, U.P. have 22.3% urban population. U.P. have 4,44,95,063 urban population. 7 cities of U.P. together have population of more than 1 million. In 2000, after partition, U.P. (partitioned state) produces about 92% of the output. According to Tendulkar committee in 2011-12 , 29.43% population of Uttar Pradesh is poor while Rangrajan committee gave the report of 39.8% poor in U.P.
Between 2002 and 2007, In 10th 5 year planning, U.P. registered 5.2% annual economical growth. Between 2007 and 2012, in 11th 5 year Planning, U.P. touched 7% annual economical growth.
In 2012-13, it fell on 5.9% and 5.1% and in 2013-14 it was one of the lowest in India. In 2005 , state’s debt was estimated at 67 per cent of GDP. In 2012, U.P. was one of the highest receiver of overall remittance in India , it was $0.1 billion (Rs. 3,42,884.05 crore), along with Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Punjab. State government selected 5 cities Meerut, Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow and Varanasi for Metro train project. Lucknow Metro project is in process which will be completed by 2017. In 2013-14, Uttar Pradesh is an agriculture based state , it contributed 18.9% in food grain production of India.
UP has witnessed rapid industrialization lately , especially after the launch of policies of economic liberalization in India . In March 1996, there were 1,661 medium and large industrial undertakings and 296,338 small industrial units employing 1.83 million persons.
In 1997–98, per capita state domestic product was estimated at Rs 7,263 and there has been visible decline in poverty in U.P. Around 40 percent of the total population lives below the poverty line. There are numerous types of minerals and many industries have risen up based upon these minerals. In Mirzapur, in Vindhya region there are a number of cement plants. In Banda and Sonbhadra , bauxite-based aluminum plant is there . In the hilly regions of U.P. many non-metallic minerals are found which are used as industrial raw materials. Coal deposits are found in the Singrauli region.
The infrastructure condition in state is not good compared to other states of India. In 2013, central government had declared Chaudhri Charan Singh , Lucknow and Lal Bahadur Shastri airport, Varanasi international airport. In January 2015, metro train project announced for Lucknow and expected that it will be completed by 2017. U.P. government bus service is one of the largest in India with more than 10,000 buses. The length of national highway and railway track is highest in India. A new international airport is projected in Kushinagar district. U.P. have maximum number of national highways.
Yamuna Expressway connects New Delhi to Agra and is one of the pioneer highways of India. In 2015, state government started another express way project between Agra to Lucknow to reduce the time of the journey. On 31 December 2015 , Narendra Modi inaugurated an express way between New Delhi to Meerut which will cost 7500 crore approximately . It will reduce one hour of the journey.