Geography of West Bengal

West Bengal’s Geography is diverse . West Bengal is situated in the eastern part of India. On the east lies Bangladesh.Bhutan and Sikkim lie on the north . Assam is situated on the north east of West Bengal. Bihar and Jharkhand is situated on the western side of West Bengal . The geographical location is 23 degree North latitude and 88 degree East longitude.

West Bengal’s area is 88,752 sq km. According to census of 2001, West Bengal has a population of 8,02,21,171. The population density of West Bengal square kilometer is 904. The ratio between males and females is 934. The population of West Bengal is dominated by the Bengali population. Immigration from different states of India has enhanced the diversity of West Bengal.

Geography of West Bengal depends on

Area

In the north West Bengal touches the Himalayan range and Bay of Bengal in the south. The capital of West Bengal is Kolkata. West Bengal has high level of tourists. The total area of West Bengal is 88,752 sq km. According to 2001 census , West Bengal has a population of 8,02,21,171.

Biodiversity

West Bengal’s flora depends on the topography . The geographical factors along with the physiography are majorly responsible for the growth and sustenance of plants. According to a survey, conducted by the Forest Department of West Bengal in 1994, the forests cover almost 15.06% of the total area of West Bengal.

In the northern part of the state, there are protected forest areas or sanctuaries. The Gorumara National Park, Neora Valley National Parks and Sanctuaries at Jaldapara, Chapramari and Mahananda are among the popular tourist spots. The Buxa region is famous for its tiger reserve. Rare species of one horned rhinoceros, elephants, reptiles and birds are found . The Sunderban is famous for the Royal Bengal tigers.

Topography

West Bengal lies in the eastern part of India. The capital city is Kolkata. The total area of the state is 88,752 sq km. According to the census of 2001, West Bengal has a population of 8,02,21,171, The topography of West Bengal is diverse and its physiography is very interesting.

Land forms surrounds West Bengal on all three sides. In its south lies the Bay of Bengal. It shares boundaries with Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Assam, Bangladesh, Jharkhand and Bihar. West Bengal’s northeren part touches the Himalayan range. The hill stations lying in this region are the favorite tourist destinations across the country. Through out the year, the climate of this part remains more or less cold . The foot hills of the Himalayan region is known as the Terrai region in West Bengal. This region is famous for tea plantation all over the world.

Location

West Bengal is considered to be the twelfth largest state in India . West Bengal’s total area is 88,752 sq km. According to the census of 2001, West Bengal has population of 8,02,21,171. West Bengal attracts the tourists from all parts of the world. The Northern Himalaya Range surrounds the state. Assam lies in the east where as Sikkim and Bhutan share their boundaries in the north. Nepal is in the north west of West Bengal. In the west of West Bengal lies Bihar and Jharkhand.

Flora

Flora includes the different species of plant . West Bengal is gifted with nature’s bounty, the plant life and animal life of this eastern state of India are rich and varied. West Bengal varied nature depends on three factors and these are the location, adequate rainfall and the climate.

The flora of West Bengal is classified according to the physiographic regions. In the north of the state lies the mountainous type of forests , including temperate and tropical forests. Deciduous forest is usually found in the plateau region. The Sunderban area has mangrove forest cover.

 
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